Art And Culture

Relationships between arts and culture

  1. 1. ARTS AND CULTURE IN THE 20TH AND THE 21ST CENTURIES
  2. 2. Art is a product of a highly creative mind. It includes the creation of images or objects in fields including painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, and other visual arts.
  3. 3. Culture is the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. Culture refers to all the things make up people’s way of life.
  4. 4. ART AND LIFE Art is one of the most important means of expression developed by human beings. Art is manifested in every aspect of life.
  5. 5. Artists have always shown a deep concern about life around them. Many of them have recorded in paintings their observation of people going about their usual ways, performing their usual tasks. Vicente Manansala has painted candle vendors.
  6. 6. Among these are representations of rice threshers, cockfighters, candle vendors, street musicians, and children at play.
  7. 7. These are called genre paintings. Amorsolo’s Planting Rice, Laundry Women, and Batis.
  8. 8. Anita Magsaysay-Ho painted women doing their farm chores.
  9. 9. Carlos V. Francisco’s favorite subjects were the fisherfolk and farmers of his hometown, Angono, Rizal, whom he portrayed at work, at play, and in prayer.
  10. 10. Honore Daumier also loved to observe the life of his times. He poked fun at the well-to-do in his paintings and drawings, but he portrayed working men and women with compassion.
  11. 11. Jean Francois Millet tried to capture in all his paintings the toil and suffering of his fellow peasants. Pieter Brueghel celebrated the peasants, too. Hunters in the Snow and A Country Wedding are two of his famous works.
  12. 12. ART AND RELIGION The relationship between religion and art is not a contradictory relationship, nor an identical one. There exists between them a kinship and a peculiar mutual aid. Both religion and art raise us up and awaken in us a striving towards an ideal world.
  13. 13. Common between religion and art is that they both strive to express an idea not in an abstract form (such as in, for example, philosophy and science), but in a concrete visual expression.
  14. 14. Art has always been a handmaiden of religion. Most of the world’s religions have used the arts to aid in worship, to instruct, to inspire feelings of devotion, and to impress and convert non-believers.
  15. 15. The Christian Church commissioned craftsmen to tell the stories about Christ and the saints in pictures, usually in mosaics, murals, and stained-glass windows in churches. It also resorted to the presentation of tableaux and plays to preach and teach.
  16. 16. Some religions expressly forbid the representation of divinity as human beings or animal forms, although they allow the use of some signs or symbols in their place.
  17. 17. An interesting work which includes scenes and figures from both Christianity and classical mythology is Michaelangelo’s fresco which covers the whole ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
  18. 18. SCULPTURE Spanish friars introduced the first art form which is religious in nature. They introduced sculpture in the form of religious images or santos to help spread Christianity. RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY TEXT The major religions of the world have their scriptures or holy books.
  19. 19. ARCHITECTURE Art is found in the architecture of religious structures.
  20. 20. Religious beliefs influenced traditional art forms that have been part of the lives of ancient Filipinos. Pottery Weaving Wood Carving
  21. 21. TRADITIONAL FOLK ART OBJECTS Folk arts are traditional arts made by common people who have had no formal art training, and instead, have practiced art styles and craftsmanship that have been handed through generations. AMULETS OR ANTING-ANTING- believed to have supernatural powers and bring religious blessing.
  22. 22. ART AND BELIEF History consists of verifiable facts and legends of unverifiable ones. History and legend are popular subjects of art.
  23. 23. Felix Resurrection Hidalgo, painted the controversial Assassination of Governor-General Fernando Bustamante. Carlos Francisco executed the mural that now graces the second-floor lobby of the Manila City Hall. The mural depicts figures and events in the history of the city. He was also responsible for the huge mural, which was a pageant of Philippine history, for the International Fair held in Manila in 1953.
  24. 24. Juan Luna’s Blood Compact, now at Malacañang, commemorates the agreement between Sikatuna and Legazpi which they supposedly sealed by drinking wine in which drops of each other’s blood had been mixed. Spolarium, Luna’s prize-winning painting depicts a scene during the days of the early ROMAN Empire when gladiatorial fights were a popular form of entertainment for the upper class.
  25. 25. FOLK BELIEFS Some Filipino artists have attempted to render in art not only traditional religious themes but folk beliefs in creatures of lower mythology as well. Solomon Saprid has done statues of the tikbalang, and some painters have rendered their own ideas about the matanda sa punso, asuwang, tianak, and mangkukulam.
  26. 26. Malakas and Maganda and Mariang Makiling are among the legendary subjects which have been rendered in painting and sculpture by not a few Filipino artists. The Mariang Makiling theme has been particularly exploited by Francisco and his pupil, Jose V. Blanco, in their paintings.
  27. 27. ART AND ECONOMICS Artists have live amidst socio-economic changes that affects their art and life. These changes challenged artists who reacted in different ways. Some used art to vent out their emotions while disregarded the conventions of art and came up with artworks that made statements about the human condition. Economic crisis has resulted to budget cuts in art funding.
  28. 28. PORTRAITURE Illustrados commissioned painters to do portraits of their families. Inocencia Francia (1876) by Antonio Malantic Portrait of the Quiason Family by Simon Flores
  29. 29. Some folk art forms prove to be good sources of income. WOVEN PRODUCTS CARVED FURNITURES Artists enjoy financial stability because of their talents.
  30. 30. ART AND POLITICS Artists can influence the thoughts and actions of people through their art. Visual artists who express their aspiration for a free, just, and sovereign society are called social realist. They create images of protest against injustices and suppression of human rights.
  31. 31. There are two basic schools of thought about art's relationship with politics. One--"art for art's sake"--sees art purely as an abstract, hermetic expression of the human imagination, with no connection to political or social reality, and to ask art to reflect society is to debase it.
  32. 32. The other school advocates political engagement on the part of the artist. This party of engagés, as they are known by the French, believes that art, like all human culture, is an unconscious expression of a society's unspoken values and that the artists have a responsibility to use their talents to reform society.
  33. 33. World War I and World War II are great examples of using art for political reasons. It was propaganda, but politics were involved. Another great example are the posters from the Soviet Union in the 1930s. They used political propaganda to show how Communism was better than Capitalism. Basically the idea was to demonize the enemy. Every politician is an artist. (Its not easy to fool a nation without art.) Every artist is not a politician
  34. 34. ART AND TECHNOLOGY Technology advanced rapidly in the 20th century. Digital artists use computer graphics software, digital photography, technology, and computer-assisted painting to create art.
  35. 35. The relationship between technology and art, has moved from just using technology (for example, Photoshop-like software) to produce art to technology as a component of an art piece. Photography took a long time to be accepted as an art form. And this fact may seem strange to a lot of us now.
  36. 36. Artists have been producing art using technology since the 1960s. Jean Tinguely is one sculptor, who focused on making metallic, mechanical sculptures, that could move, designed to destroy itself (Homage to New York, 1960). Robert Rauschenberg was another artist, filled an aluminium tank with mud, put an apparatus underneath it, to make bubbles on the mud, synchronised with sounds, played on the site (Mud Muse, 1971).
  37. 37. Special effects is a technical advancement in film making can make huge sandstorms without losing lives.
  38. 38. ART AND GEOGRAPHY Geographical location and climate affected the development of art and culture. There are similarities in te art forms found in the Bicol region, Palawan, Panay, Negros, Western Mindanao, and in the coastal areas of the country. Indigenous people living in the remote areas were able to preserve their indigenous arts.
  39. 39. A work of art is man-made, and although it may closely resemble nature, it can never duplicate nature. The closest that we can get to doing this is with a camera. But even then, a photograph is only a record of the subject or the scene.
  40. 40. Modernization and globalization have brought changes to the art world. Migration has allowed artists to interact across the globe.
  41. 41. Determine what aspect in life is being shown in the following masterpieces. 1. a painting of children at play 2. stories of Christ and the saints in pictures 3. sculpture of Malakas and Maganda 4. mural of rallies’ 5. wedding pictures
  42. 42. Determine the following: a. functions of art b. modern and contemporary art styles